Final year civil engineering students undergo their civil engineering projects with care as these civil projects only speak a lot during their higher studies or search of further jobs and as a result this content consists of all safe water technology and water purification practices to obtain a safe water in downloadable form.
- Project Title: Safe water technology – Civil project report
Water is an universal component required for daily living of all organisms and it covers 71% of the earth’s surface. Chemically, water molecule is built up by two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom by means of a covalent bond and it occurs in solid, liquid and gaseous state of matter. Though water is said to be the basic need of life, it should be consumed only as a safe water. Most of the water is contaminated due to the presence of bacteria, algae, mud and other microbes. There are various methodologies suggested by the government to consume safe water by means of many safe water technology such as ultraviolet water treatment system, commercial water treatment system, potable and non-potable water treatment system etc. Basically more developing countries suffer from scarcity of drinking water so most of the private water agencies grew the distribution of basic water as a business.
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Basically, people obtain water in contaminated form as
- Surface water
When compared with other two sources of water mentioned above, groundwater is said to be quite less pathogenic than others because naturally water filters of aquifer materials are present underground. But in case of surface water, more water purification is needed because it is more susceptible to industrial wastes and agricultural runoff such as heavy metals, pesticides etc. Surface water consists of high levels of inorganic compounds eroded from rocks upstream which causes more human health problems and also accounts for very high Biochemical Oxygen Demands(BOD). Rainwater is a safe water to consume as the contamination depends on weather conditions and when proper procedures are followed during rainwater collection then there is no need to worry about water contamination.
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The rainwater to be collected as a safe water can be made by constructing micro dams to channel surface run off into the underground storage tanks from the ground surface. However, we get a water from various sources water treatment and water purification are necessary to get a safe water and it involves residential specialty water treatment systems, filter housing practices, filter cartridges systems etc.
This content also consists of necessary project report of various civil projects which highly benefits diploma students to carry on their civil projects.
Download: Safe water technology project report